Direct Reduction - Iron and Steelmaking

The Reduction of Iron Ores, Scientific Basis and Technology. Ed. Spring-Verlag 1970,ISBN 3-540-05056-6, pp. 1-576. International Iron and Steel Institute. Present economics of direct reduction challenges the blast furnace route to steel. Volume II: Direct reduction processes with special emphasis on the melting of sponge iron.

(PDF) Hydrogen Alternative Route for the Reduction of Iron ...

The Armco process 20 KWh and 700 Nm3 and the Purofer process, 120 KWh and 750 Nm3, respectively. The reduction Shaft process would require 1,100 KWh of electric energy and about 535 Nm3 of hydrogen for the production of 1 ton of sponge iron. The cost of production of 1 ton of sponge iron through the Midrex process, for example, will be about ...

Use of Direct Reduced Iron (DRI) in the Electric Arc ...

Use of Direct Reduced Iron (DRI) in the Electric Arc Furnace (EAF) for Steelmaking • Steel production in the EAF continues to grow both in North America and worldwide. The past 5 years have seen increases in the supply and use of Pig Iron, Direct Reduced Iron (DRI), and Hot riquetted Iron (HI) in the EAF.

Direct Reduced Iron Industry in India — Problems and …

Direct Reduced Iron Industry in India — Problems and Prospects iii. Calibrated to size with less fines — preferably 6-16 mm with less than 3% fines iv. High reducibility — (dR/d0 40% about 0.7%/minute or higher. ... input for sponge iron production. The ore fines used for pellet production should be beneficiated to get

(PDF) i) Direct Reduced Iron: Production - ResearchGate

This product is known as direct reduced iron (DRI) or sponge iron. Processes that produce iron by reduction of iron ore (in solid state) below the melting point are generally classified as DR...

(PDF) Production of sponge iron powder by reduction of ...

Download full-text PDF Read ... sludge including high amount of iron was recycled by the direct reduced iron (DRI) method. ... Method for production sponge …

(PDF) i) Direct Reduced Iron: Production - ResearchGate

decades, a new route of ironmakin g has rapidly developed for direct reduction (DR) of iron ore to. metallic iron by using noncoking coal/n atural gas. This product is known as direct reduced iron ...

IS 15774 (2007): Sponge Iron/Directed Reduced Iron (DRI ...

This standard has been formulated by amalgamating IS 10812:1992 'Classification of sponge iron/direct reduced iron (DRI) fines/briquettes for steel making', IS 13839: 1993 'Specification for sponge iron/direct reduced iron (DRI) fines/briquettes for steel making' and IS 13905:1993 'Hot briquette sponge iron (HBI) for steel making'.

SLRN process - Metso Outotec

Operation. In the standard SL/RN process, iron ore, coal, and dolomite or limestone as desulfurizing agent are charged into a rotary kiln and heated up by a countercurrent gas flow. Heat is generated by the controlled combustion of volatiles from the coal and surplus CO from the charge. The reduction of iron oxides in the solid state is ...

Sponge Iron Production By Direct Reduction Of Iron Oxide ...

This book provides a fascinating study of the very important emerging field of direct reduction in which iron ore is 'directly reduced' in the solid-state, using either natural gas or non-coking coal, to produce a highly metallised material, referred to as sponge iron (or direct reduced iron). This intermediate product is subsequently melted in electric arc furnaces or induction furnaces ...

A Thesis Submitted for Partial Fulfillment of the Degree ...

Sponge iron, also called Direct-reduced iron (DRI),[2] is produced from direct reduction of iron ore (in the form of lumps, pellets or fines) by a reducing gas produced from natural gas or coal. The reducing gas is a mixture majority of hydrogen (H 2) and carbon monoxide (CO) which acts as reducing agent.

sponge iron production by direct reduction slrn

sponge iron production by direct reduction slrn pdf . sponge iron production by direct reduction slrn pdf By analyzing these factors which influence the reduction process and ferrous powder s q Sponge iron making with iron sludge and its utilization in DSD acid oxidation

Production of sponge iron powder by reduction of rolling ...

The reduction of rolling mill scale to sponge iron powder is a new way to take advantage of a cheap by-product of the steelmaking industry, yielding sponge iron that can be re-used to the electric furnace as metallic charge for steelmaking to obtain a product with a lower residual content and improved properties8,10. Other possible uses

Direct Reduction - Iron and Steelmaking

Direct Reduced Iron Industry in India — Problems and Prospects iii. Calibrated to size with less fines — preferably 6-16 mm with less than 3% fines iv. High reducibility — (dR/d0 40% about 0.7%/minute or higher. ... input for sponge iron production. The ore fines used for pellet production should be beneficiated to get

Production of sponge iron powder by reduction of …

The reduction of rolling mill scale to sponge iron powder is a new way to take advantage of a cheap by-product of the steelmaking industry, yielding sponge iron that can be re-used to the electric furnace as metallic charge for steelmaking to obtain a product with a lower residual content and improved properties8,10. Other possible uses

Sponge Iron Production By Direct Reduction Of Iron …

This book provides a fascinating study of the very important emerging field of direct reduction in which iron ore is 'directly reduced' in the solid-state, using either natural gas or non-coking coal, to produce a highly metallised material, referred to as sponge iron (or direct reduced iron). This intermediate product is subsequently melted in electric arc furnaces or induction furnaces ...

SPONGE IRON PLANT

Iron ore crushing is not required since sized material has to be purchased. Iron ore of size 5 mm to 20 mm is being used for the production of Sponge iron. Iron ore is being fed to the Ground hopper, from where it conveyed to the Screen with the help of Vibro Feeder, where Oversize i.e. + 20 mm and Undersize i.e. – 5

(PDF) Production of sponge iron powder by …

Download full-text PDF Read ... sludge including high amount of iron was recycled by the direct reduced iron (DRI) method. ... Method for production sponge iron and reduced iron power and method ...

No. 11.7 HBI – Hot Briquetting of Direct Reduced Iron ...

Direct Reduction plants produce different materials that are based on: DRI (Direct Reduced Iron) or HBI (Hot Briquetted Iron) Most of the early Direct Reduction Plants were built as part of integrated Mini Mills in which the DRI, after cooling, was fed to and consumed by electric arc furnaces in varying proportions of the total charge.

IS 15774 (2007): Sponge Iron/Directed Reduced Iron (DRI ...

Direct reduction (DR) is a metallurgical process of producing iron from iron oxides (mainly in the form of lump ore or pellets) directly in the solid phase, that is without going through the molten stage as occurs in blast furnace or other melting processes.